Nature-based Solutions

Nature-based solutions to climate change include protection, improved management, and restoration actions in forests, grasslands, agricultural areas, and wetlands that provide both climate mitigation and adaptation benefits. Approaches focused on restoring and protecting natural areas can pay dividends in mitigating and adapting to climate change. Forests, wetlands, dunes, and other natural ecosystems help increase communities’ resilience to climate change. These solutions are largely inexpensive, do not require large engineering approaches, and have side benefits of increasing biodiversity and drawing down carbon.

(Drever, C. R. et al., 2021)

Further Readings:

Drever, C. Ronnie, et al. “Natural climate solutions for Canada.” Science Advances 7.23 (2021): eabd6034. Retrieved from

Federal Emergency Management Agency, Nature-Based Solutions

Maritime Natural Infrastructure Collaborative, Planning for Nature

Nelson, Erin. “Assessing the suitability of living shoreline techniques for coastal erosion in Prince Edward Island, Canada” (2022). Retrieved from

United Nations Environmental Programme, Ecosystem-Based Adaptation